Vocabulary in Use upper-intermediate. & advanced. Michael McCarthy. Felicity O' Dell. units of vocabulary reference and practice self-study and classroom. BASIC ENGLISH GRAMMAR Will you be free tomorrow evening? /wil iú: bí: The boy´s got a book vitecek.info English Vocabulary in Use (UpPer-intermediate). Use! Upper-intermediate -_- _._. units of vocabulary reference and pratlite. Self-study English Vocabulary in Use (Upper-Intermediate & Advanced).
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English Vocabulary in Use CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS PUBLISHED BY T H E PRESS SYNDICATE O F T H E UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE The Pitt. Test Your Business Vocabulary in Use: Intermediate DOWNLOAD PDF Test your English Vocabulary in Use: Pre-intermediate and Intermediate. Views 4MB Size Report. DOWNLOAD PDF Business Vocabulary in Use: Intermediate (Cambridge Professional English) · Read more.
This last group are followed by nouns or by -ing. Do not say: As well as she speaks French, she also speaks Japanese. You can say: As well as speaking French, she Try to do it without looking at the opposite page. Dear M r Stoneheart The course covered t h e usual areas: I hope you will give my application due consideration. Yours sincerely u r n Hope Nora Hope Rewrite the sentences using the word or phrase in brackets at the end. Excessive study can rapidly reduce mental powers too. This sentence in isolation does not mean much: We decided to look at the problem again and try to find a solution.
What problem? We need to refer to some other sentence or to the context to find out. Problem and solution help organise the argument of the text, but they do not tell us the topic of the text. They refer to something somewhere else. What the word in bold refers to is underlined. Pollution is increasing. The problem is getting worse each day.
Should taxes be raised or lowered? This was the biggest issue in the election. Let's discuss crime. It's always an interesting topic. Note the words in bold connected with problems and solutions here and try to learn them as a family.
The situation in our cities with regard to traffic is going from bad to worse. Congestion is a daily feature of urban life. The problem is now beginning to affect our national economies. Unless a new approach is found to controlling the number of cars, we will never find a solution to the dilemma.
In this dialogue, two politicians are arguing on the radio. Note how the words in bold refer to parts of the argument. Your claim that we are doing nothing to invest in industry is false. You have ignored this fact. But the investment has all gone to service industries.
The real point is that we need to invest in manufacturing. That argument is out of date in a modern technological society. Our position has always been that we should encourage technology.
But that view will not help to reduce unemployment. Utter rubbish. Here are some more words associated with problem-solution texts. They are grouped in families associated with the key-words in bold. The prepositions which are normally used with these words are given in brackets.
That's quite a big How do you propose we should deal with the. This is a If you don't like that. I wonder if it is viable? These newspaper headlines have got separated from their texts.
Put each one with a suitable text. English Vocabulary in Use 51 26 Uncountable words Uncountable nouns are not normally used with a n o r the plural, e. It is a good idea t o learn uncountable nouns in groups associated with the same subject o r area.
Here are some possible headings. Travel luggage accommodation baggage Am. Travel broadens the mind.
Day-to-day household items soap C toothpaste washing powder washing-up liquid polish Paper Food - - The word food is uncountable. Try adding more uncountable words t o this list. Some rather abstract words are uncountable She gave me some advice on how t o study for the exam. She's made a lot of progress in a very short time. She has done some research o n marine life. They've done a lot of work o n the project. E Materials and resources For making clothes, etc.: W h a t a terrible weather!
She has long- hairs. I have a news for you. W e bought some new furnitures. What terrible weather! She has long hair. W e bought some new furniture. See also Unit I 52 I have Tip: English Vocabulary in Use Exercises Say whether these sentences need a n or not.
Some of the nouns are not on the left-hand page. Use a dictionary that tells you whether the nouns are uncountable.
I can't come. I have I think I'll get about five rolls. Sort these words into two columns side by side, one for uncountables and one for countables. Then join the words which have similar meaning. Make a list of what you would pack and consider how many of the items on your list are uncountable nouns in English.
Correct the mistakes in these sentences. My knowledges in that area are very poor. She has done a lot of original works recently. Another area that has a number of uncountable words is personal qualities and skills.
For example, we might say that a secretary should have intelligence, reliability, charm and enthusiasm. These are all uncountable nouns. Choose from the list and say what qualities these people should have. Say whether they need some, a lot or a bit of the quality. Use a dictionary for any difficult words. Practise asking for these everyday items and decide whether you must say a or some.
The military authorities have established their headquarters in the old Town Hall. The acoustics in the new opera-house are near-perfect. The contents of the house were sold after her death.
Looks are less important than personality in a partner. As you come to the outskirts of the village, there are traffic-lights. Turn left there. The stairs are a bit dangerous; be careful.
The proceeds of the concert are going to the children's fund. A terrorist has escaped from prison. Her whereabouts are unknown. Words with plural form but used mostly with singular verbs Names of some games: Is there a cheap means of transport I could use to get there?
How many of the words are plural? Check the left-hand page or in a dictionary. Fill the gaps with an appropriate plural-form noun.
Get your It's time to go to bed. I've never heard such clear sound. In each of these groups, one of the nouns is always used in the plural.
Which one? Change the text where appropriate. I decided that if I wanted to be a pop star I'd have to leave home and get lodging in London. I finally got a room, but it was on the outskirt of the city. The owner didn't live on the premise, so I could make as much noise as I liked. The acoustic in the bathroom was fantastic, so I practised there. I made so much noise I almost shook the foundation! I went to the headquarter of the Musicians' Union, but a guy there said I just didn't have a good enough look to be famous.
Oh well, never mind! English Vocabulary in Use 55 28 Countable and uncountable with different meanings When we use a noun countably we are thinking of specific things; when we use it uncountably we are thinking of stuff or material or the idea of a thing in general.
Be careful! We had fish for dinner. Hamlet is one of Shakespeare's most famous works. Here are some more nouns used in both ways. Make sure you know the difference between the uncountable and the countable meaning. Did you buy a paper this morning? Where in those places would you expect to find them? Use a n if the meaning is countable. Oh dear! I've spilt water on the floor! Here's a cloth; j u s t wipe i t up. He's just left school and he's not really academic. He needs a job. Have some sauce with your hot dog.
Shall I make a sauce with the fish? Can I have some light? Can I have a light? English Vocabulary in Use 57 29 Collective nouns Collective nouns are used to describe a group of the same things. People involved in the same joblactivity A team of surgeonsldoctorslexpertslreporterslscientistslrescue-workersldetectives arrived at the scene of the disaster. The crew were all saved when the ship sank. Out on the lake there is a small group of islands. Exercises As we looked over the side of the boat, we saw a There was a You'll see a Will you fetch them for me, please?
The government has appointed a In each case, one of the examples is wrong. Don't forget to make the verb singular where necessary. There are a larce number of people waiting outside. The people who work there are very well-paid.
A large number of sheep had escaped from a field. She gave me six identical sherrv glasses. She gave me five or six beautiful roses. Some collective nouns are associated with words about using language. Underline any you can see in this news text and make a note of them in your vocabulary notebook.
There had been a barrage of complaints about police violence. The Chief of Police replied that he was not prepared to listen to a string of wild allegations without any evidence.
In the end, he just gave a series of short answers that left everyone dissatisfied. Similarly you can make such nouns plural with bits of or pieces of. Bit is less formal than piece. She bought an attractive old piece of furniture at the auction sale. How many pieces of luggage have you got with you? I heard a really useful bit of information yesterday. Chopin wrote some wonderful pieces of music.
Before you go to England I should give you two bits of advice He spends all his money buying new bits of computer equipment. Although bit and piece can be used with the majority of uncountable nouns there are also a number of other words which can be used with specific uncountable nouns. Weather We have certainly had a good spell of summer weather this year. Did you hear that rumble of thunder?
Yes, I did. It came almost immediately after the flash of lightning. I heard a sharp clap of thunder, then a few rumbles in the distance. A sudden gust of wind turned my umbrella inside out.
There was a sudden shower of rain this morning. Did you feel a spot of rain? Nature Look at the ladybird on that blade of grass! What's happened? Look at that cloud of smoke hanging over the town! She blew little puffs of smoke out of her cigarette straight into my face. Let's go out and get a breath of fresh air. Put another lump of coal on the fire, please.
I've never seen him do a stroke of work.
The donkey is the basic means of transport on the island. Tights must be the most useful articlelitem of clothing ever invented. There was an interesting item of news about France on TV last night. The phrase a state of can serve to make uncountable nouns singular. The nouns used with state are usually abstract and include chaos, emergency, tension, confusion, health, disorder, uncertainty, poverty, agitation, disrepair and flux, e.
Could you buy me some bread, please? Could you buy me a loaf of bread, please? Make up a puzzle of your own like the one above using the language practised in this unit. If possible, test a friend. Now decide who or what might be in the following states and write your own sentences using these expressions. English Vocabulary in Use 61 Countries, nationalities and languages Using 'the' Most names of countries are used without 'the', but some countries and other names have 'the' before them, e.
Some countries may be referred to with or without 'the' the Lebanon, the Gambia, the Ukraine, the Sudan. Adjectives referring to countries and languages With-ish: Icelandic Arabic Some, adjectives are worth learning separately e. Swiss, Thai, Greek, Dutch, Cypriot.
Nationalities Some nationalities have nouns for referring to people, e. For most nationalities we can use the adjective as a noun, e. What are you? Everyone has almother tongue or first language; many have second and third languages. Some pGpSe are perdect in more than one language and are bilingual or multilingual. English, Malay name: Wanija Krishnamurthan type or dialect of English: Malaysian nationality: Malaysian ethnic group: Asian Tamil Indian mother tongue: Tamil S.
Some adjectives can form regiona: Latin American countries are almost all described by - i an adjectives. Look at a world map if you have tc Brazilian, Chilean,.
Complete the list. Hungarian, Armenian,. Can you name a famous Argentinian sportsman or woman? Diegc Maradonna 1 Chinese politician? Make sure you can pronounce them. Use a dictionary for any you don know.
Use phonetic script if possible see Unit 5. Madonna to marry a French? Make sure you can describe your nationality, country, region, ethnic group, language s , etc. English Vocabulary in Use 63 The weather Cold weather In Scandinavia, the chilly I days of autumn soon change to the cold days of winter.
The first frosts 2 arrive and the roads become icy. Rain becomes sleet 3 and then snow, at first turning to slush 4 in the streets, but soon settling 5 , with severe blizzards 6 and snowdrifts 7 in the far north. Freezing weather often continues in the far north until May or even June, when the ground starts to thaw 8 and the ice melts 9 again. We had a heatwave last month. It was absolutely pouring down. In the Tropics there is usually torrential rain most days, and the roads often get flooded.
This rain won't last long; it's only a shower. Note also hail uncountable. The sky's a bit overcast; I think it's going to rain. It didn't rain for six weeks. Mist and fog Nouns and adjectives: There's a good wind today; fancy going sailing? It's a very blustery day; the umbrella will just blow away. There's been a gale warning; it would be crazy to go sailing.
People boarded up their windows when they heard there was a hurricane on the way. English Vocabulary in Use Exercises Match each word with a word from the box. My first experience of real winter weather was when I went to Northern Canada. I was used to the sort of snow that falls in London, which quickly turns into brown. In fact, most of the time I was in London, it didn't really snow properly, it was mostly Apart from that, British winters meant a bit of white.
I had never experienced the However, when the earth finally. What kinds of weather do you think caused the following to happen?
Write a sentence which could go before each of these. What types of weather are bad and good for doing these things? Skiing bad: Make a similar chart for your country or home region. Dec-Mar April-June July-Aug Sep-Nov coldest months; usually quite wet; snow on high ground generally cool, often wet and windy but improving warmest months; bright with showers; cool sea breezes often mild becoming cold; mist and fog English Vocabulary in Use 65 33 Describing people - appearance Hair, face, skin and complexion wavy hair and round-faced straight hair and thin-faced bald with freckles beard and moustache with a chubby face curly hair and dark-skinned a crew-cut receding hair and a few wrinkles He u s - l to have black hair but now it's gone grey, almost white.
What sort of person would you like to go out with? Blonde, fair, dark or ginger-haired 1 red-haired? She has such beautiful auburn hair. Height and build a rather plump or stout man a slim woman [positive] an obese person [negative, very fat] Fat may sound impolite. Instead we often say a bit overweight.
If someone is broad and solid, we can say they are stocky. A person with good muscles can be well-built or muscular. If someone is terribly thin and refuses to eat, they may be anorexic.
General appearance She's a very smart and elegant woman, always well-dressed; her husband is quite the opposite, very scruffy and untidy-looking. He's very good-looking, but his friend's rather unattractive. Do you think beautiful women are always attracted to handsome men? I don't. I think first impressions matter most. E 1 66 h e suffix -ish is useful for describing people: He has brownish hair.
He must be thirtyish. I thought you said he was the short, chubby one. No, quite the opposite, he's the tall, thin-faced one 1 A: Was that his brother, the dark-skinned, wavy-hairzd one? No, quite the opposite, his brother's She's always quite well-dressed, so I've heard. Who told you that? Every time I see her, she's So Charlene's that rather plump fair-haired woman, is she?
No, you're looking at the wrong one. So, tell us about the new boss; good looking? No, I'm afraid not; rather I don't know why, but I expected the tour-guide to be middle-aged or elderly. No, apparently she's only Write one sentence to describe each of these people, giving information about their hair and face, their height and build and general appearance.
From these jumbled words, find combinations for describing people, as in the example. Not all of the words are on the left-hand page.
Some of the combinations are hyphenated. Complete the gaps in these police posters. Make a collection of descriptions of people from newspapers and magazines. Courtlcrime reports, celebrity and gossip pages of magazines, and the 'personal' columns where people are seeking partners are good places to start. The words in the right-hand column mkan roughly the same as the word; in the left-hand column except that they have negative rather than positive connotations.
English Vocobulary in Use Exercises Match these words with their opposites. Reword the sentences above to give the opposite impression. Di's very stingy. Magazines often publish questionnaires which are supposed to analyse your character for you. Look at the words below and then match them to the question which aims to decide whether a person is like that. If you arrange to meet at 7 p. Reliable pessimistic argumentative sensitive sociable extravagant assertive inquisitive 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 T Do you prefer to be in the company of other people?
Look at the picture. Do you think 'my glass is half empty'? Do you find it easy to tell your boss if you feel he or she has treated you badly? Do you always look out of the window if you hear a car draw up?
Do you often buy your friends presents for no particular reason? Do you frequently disagree with what other people say? Do you lie awake at night if someone has said something unkind to you?
Choose five or six adjectives from the opposite page which you think best describe either your own or a friend's character. How do you or your friend demonstrate these characteristics?
English Vocabulary in Use 69 35 Relationships Types of relationships Here is a scale showing closeness and distance in relationships in different contexts. She's my ex. Mate is a colloquial word for a good friend. It can also be used in compounds to describe a person you share something with, e.
Workmate is usual in non-professional contexts; colleague is more common among professional people. English has no universally accepted word for 'person I live with but am not married to', but is probably the commonest.
Liking and not liking someone core verb positive negative like love adore worship idolise look up to admire turn s. I can't stand him. I really fancy Lisa, but her friend just turns me off. Fancy and turn off are informal. Repel is very strong and rather formal.
Phrases and idioms for relationships Jo and I get on well with each other. He and I share a flat. How many relationships can you find between the people in column A and column B, using words from the left-hand page? John Silver and Lorna F i t t were once colleagues. A B John Silver: Worked at the swimming team in Was in same Sun School, Oxford, Josh Yates: Met Bill Nash Silver. Shared a flat years ago with a couple of times. Eve Cobb. Ada Brigg: Knew Ada Brigg Swam for Britain in years ago, but not very well.
Ana Wood: Lives with Josh Yates. Using the verbs, phrases and idioms opposite, what sort of relations do you think the people on the left might have with the people on the right?
Correct them. It wasn't my fault. English Vocobulory in Use 71 36 At home Places in the home You probably already know the names of most rooms and locations in a typical home. Whether you're studying on your own or show more. About Stuart Redman fm. Rating details. Book ratings by Goodreads. Goodreads is the world's largest site for readers with over 50 million reviews.
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