The Lord of the Rings Part 3. The Return of the King. By J. R. R. Tolkien. Part 1: The Fellowship of the Ring. Part 2: The Two Towers. Part 3: The Return of the. "trti “THE LORD OF THE RINGS” Pjrt Thttt THE RETURN OF THE KING J.R.R. ToIkien * BOOK V * Chapter 1. Minas Tirith Pippin looked out from the shelter of. The importance of the Stewardship held by Denethor's line until the return of a To defeat the Dark Lord, the accursed Ring of Power had to be destroyed in the.
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THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE RETURN OF THE KING Gollum! Gollum! ANGLE ON: GOLLUM in the CAVE staring at the RING in his hand. GOLLUM. Lord of the Rings - Rulebook - - Eng - Free ebook download as PDF File Rings The Fellowship of The Ring, The Two Towers, The Return of The King. J.R.R. Tolkien - The Lord of the Rings 4 - Appendices And In names of kings and rulers are the dates of their deaths, if only one date is .. return of the King.
We have to keep in mind that as a creative writer Tolkien wished to create a great mythical world in the tradition of the ancient epic-poets of the past, so of course not everything could follow Scripture. Despite this, many Biblical themes exist throughout the text. At least his concept of the Valar is not that much different from the traditional Catholic teaching of angels in that after God created the world, He gave each and every angel of the lower Choirs a task to accomplish in the material world, either to keep the heavenly bodies set in their course, or to be appointed as guides of mankind.
Therefore Asia is in top, Europe is to the left, Africa to the right. In addition, the Valar wished to reward Elros and his mortal race for their sufferings and valour in defeating the enemy Morgoth, and grant them a new kingdom beyond the shores of Middle Earth, the Isle of Elenna far removed from the pains and toils of other lands. On the Isle of Elenna stands a magnificent mountain that affords a view of the immortal Eldar kingdom. Despite the favours received from the great Valar, once Elros had made his choice to accept mortality, his descendants had to remain mortal and their fate could not be altered with the exception they were given the grace to choose the time of their death.
In contrast to Elros, Lord Elrond, who we will see again in Lord of the Rings, decided to remain immortal like the Elven Eldar, a choice which was also granted to his immortal descendants. Lord Elrond and his descendants were also granted a boon by the Valar as a reward for their bravery in defeating Morgoth: Yet there was also a condition attached to the reward: Any attempt to sail to the Undying Lands like Elrond and the Eldar would be an act of open rebellion and bring disaster upon their kingdom.
From here Tolkien begins to construct the history of the kings of Middle Earth and how they arrived on that land, the folly of their descendants, and the promise of a faithful king who would return to restore all that had been lost.
However, a new evil power appears on Middle Earth, Lord Sauron, the principal evil character in Lord of the Rings, who begins to oppress and enslave the lesser races of men.
Feigning friendship, he teaches them the art of making empowered objects through smith work and they begin forging the various Rings Power. Over time we learn that three of the Rings were for the Elven kings, seven for the dwarf lords, and nine for the kings of Men. Yet unknown to them, Lord Sauron forges a new Ring that will control all the others. The Eldar eventually discover his evil designs and the Elves make war upon Sauron, he is defeated and the Three Rings made for the Elven kings are hidden from him.
The Nine Kings of lesser-men are not so wise: In their envy and growing hatred for the Eldar, the corrupt kings began to abandon their High Elven names and language, and even persecute the remaining Faithful. The situation grows more dire as future generations discover that their very fear of death is decreasing their gifted longevity and this realisation fuels their desire to cross into the Undying Lands more than ever before.
Rebellion is rife. However, they continue to fear the warnings of the Valar, Guardians of the World, and this alone prevents them from breaking the Ban. Eventually their fear is overcome by the deceitful wiles of Lord Sauron. However, Lord Sauron is shrewd: If he boldly went and conquered the Undying Lands, immortality would be theirs. The Evil Lord Sauron does not escape the chastisements and is also punished: He survives as a malicious black spirit filled with hate and venom, unable to assume a shape that men may gaze upon and remains a shapeless form of terror.
No doubt Tolkien derived his plot from the account of Noah and the purification of the ancient world by water in addition to the fall of Babel. According to her, they were driven downward to the lower realm of creation while Paradise appeared to be lifted up higher and higher like a cloud until it was separated from the earth and floated above it, rising mystically with the rising sun each morning far out of reach of fallen man.
Of course, we have yet to come to the chronicles in which the story of the Lord of the Rings actually takes place, but the following history now sets the scene.
The evil lord devises war upon the new kingdoms of his enemies who dare to challenge and thwart his rule in that circle of the world. We have already learned that Sauron had persuaded the Elven Kings to forge the various rings of power, however, he deceives the various races of Middle Earth, for in secret he brings forth from the fires of Mount Doom the One Ring that controls them all.
Yet, despite his possession of the One Ring, the Dark Lord is overconfident and goes to war before his evil power is fully recovered, while the might of the High Elf Gil- galad had increased as the years passed. Isildur gains possession of the One Ring, but the famed royal sword of kings remains broken, ending the Second Age of Middle Earth.
The black lord escapes once more to his stronghold made indestructible through the power of the Ring and bides his time, plotting vengeance on Gondor and the complete subjugation of Middle Earth. All he needs is the Ring, which Isildur had taken, but is soon lost. For centuries Sauron awaits its return. Tan Books and Publishers, Inc. While it will grant invisibility to anyone who wears it and unnaturally prolong their life, it will eventually gain control of the bearer in an attempt to have them relinquish it back to its rightful owner, often tormenting the wearer with an unquenchable desire to possess it only to find themselves betrayed in the end, for after driving them to commit heinous deeds to keep it, the Ring will eventually play the traitor and will abandon those it uses to find another host more capable of bringing it back to its Master.
The bearers often come to a terrible end as the possession of the Ring marks them for life. In this manner, Isildur fails the test to destroy the Ring when he has the opportunity and is eventually slain. The Ring is then lost to time, waiting for the right person that can be manipulated and thereby find its way back to its master. As if these troubles were not enough, the kingdom suffers from time to time from the ravages of deadly pestilence.
Eventually during one of the many battles recorded, the direct Southern scion of the royal lineage of Gondor is extinguished. Pelendur advises the men of Gondor that they must seek another and sole surviving but distant royal descendant of the southern kings, who then happens to be a general of the army. However, after he is crowned king, the general leaves only one heir who dies without issue, and by right the throne should return to the surviving Northern Branch of Elendil, but Pelendur the Steward of Gondor remains resistant to the legitimate Northern line and the throne of the South is practically usurped by him as he takes upon himself the rule of the kingdom.
From whence does this audacity arise? As a result, the legitimate Northern line of Elendil is thrust into exile. In their pride, they even abandon the custom of using High-Elven names, a practise that reminds us of the corrupt rulers of old who despised the Eldar Elves and rebelled against the Ban of the Valar. However, despite their honoured position, a steward can only remain a regent, they are not a royal scion of Elendil and can never become king. This forever reminds them of their inferior position despite their authority, and prophecies foretell that the rule of the Stewards will not last forever as the surviving branch from the royal house of Elendil the Faithful will one day come to light and be restored, prophecies to which the future Stewards harden their hearts, for they still dread the day when they will be compelled to relinquish their power notwithstanding their oath.
No one knows if any survivors of the Northern Scion still exists, the people doubt that the kingdom of Gondor will ever be restored to its former glory and fall into despair, while the Stewards remain smug in their borrowed absolute power yet fear their rule may indeed be numbered, assuming that Gondor may inevitably fall to Sauron as few of their former allies come to their aid to defend the land.
The Ring also grows restless as it senses this change in the earth and it begins to seek its true master. The mystic Marie-Julie Jahenny revealed that France would suffer greatly because it has no king, or rather, rejected its legitimate ruler.
In contrast, the French consider their president a temporary king. Christ to Marie-Julie, May 28, , p. Returning to Lord of the Rings, we learn there are other people in Middle Earth not descendants of the Eldar or the different races of Men, namely, hobbits from the peaceful Shire, small men-like beings that have gone practically unnoticed in the annuals of the land.
The hobbit Bilbo Baggins stumbles upon the One Ring of Power by accident during one of his adventures, and after using it to get out of various scrapes, he leaves it to his nephew Frodo. During his travels Gandalf the wizard learns that it is in fact the One Ring fashioned by the evil Lord Sauron.
However, he has dreadful news: If it should ever return to its master, Gondor and the whole of Middle Earth is doomed. The immortal Lord Elrond summons a council to be held at his regal home in the elven valley of Rivendell, and it is decided that the reappearance of the Ring may in fact be the opportunity the people of Middle Earth have been waiting for.
If the Ring is destroyed, not only would the temptation for others to wield it be removed, but Sauron would ultimately lose his power and could be defeated once and for all. After much deliberation it is decided that if there is to be any hope of success in this perilous mission, a small band or Fellowship must be formed that would have the advantage of stealth on its side. Frodo steps forward and declares he will carry the Ring, since it has fallen to him as his burden he refuses to relinquish this doom to another.
As their journey progresses, the members of the Fellowship are eventually separated. Gandalf is lost in the underground caverns of Moria battling an ancient fire-demon of the depths, Boromir is slain by orcs, Frodo and Sam journey on to Mordor in a near hopeless attempt to destroy the Ring, while Aragorn returns to Gondor amidst the ravages of battle to claim his throne and in the process distract Lord Sauron from the two hobbits attempting to make their way to Mount Doom.
Aragorn and the Prophecies of the Great Monarch Turning to Aragorn, was his character actually inspired by Catholic Tradition and prophecies? Aragorn enters the capital city for the first time after the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, but as the war with Mordor is far from over, Aragorn refrains from entering as king or making his claim to the throne until he can ascertain the current situation.
Instead, he conceals his outward tokens of royalty, namely, the royal banner and the Star of the North Kingdom lest they be challenged before the time is ripe, and orders he be announced in the city simply as a captain of the Rangers. However, Gandalf urgently requests his assistance: Lord Faramir, son of the Last Ruling Steward is dying, and Aragorn immediately attends to the worded lord, saving his life.
Immediately the prophetic sign is recognised: The hands of the king are the hands of a healer, and so shall the rightful king be known. News of his healing powers spreads rapidly: And then he cast the leaves into the bowls of steaming water that were brought to him, and at once all hearts were lightened. Refusing to stay behind, she rides into battle disguised as a soldier and defeats the evil servant of Sauron whom no man may kill.
Aragorn declares: These details seem reminiscent of St.
She was burned at the stake by the English in Rouen. Of interest, we find in the prophecies of the Catholic mystic Marie-Julie Jahenny that the use of certain herbs will be important in the times of the chastisements leading to the Days of the Great Monarch. Due to the evilness of the times, deep black depression will afflict many and hitherto unknown plagues will strike the earth, and according to her revelations Heaven was reminding mankind that there are healing properties in herbs that will allay the symptoms when human medicines will fail: Hawthorn for cholera.
For unknown fevers, the humble violet, the perfume and virtue of humility will have effect. This malady will attack the heart first, then the mind, and at the same time, the tongue.
It will be horrible. The heat that will accompany it will be a consuming fire, so strong that the affected parts of the body will be of an unbearable redness. After seven days, this malady, like the seed sown in a field, will rise rapidly and make immense progress, i. My children, this is the only remedy that can save you. You know the leaves of thorns that grow in almost any hedges, i.
The leaves of this thorn will stop the progress of the disease. You must pick the leaves, not the wood. Even dry, they will retain their effectiveness. Put them in boiling water and leave them there for fourteen minutes, covering the container so that the steam remains. When the malady first attacks, you must use this remedy three times a day.
The malady will produce a continual uprising of the heart, blood pressure? Increased heart rate? If the remedy is taken too late, the affected parts will become black, and in this black, there will be yellowish streaks.
The Prophecies of Marie-Julie Jahenny, p. Returning to Aragorn, we find that he not only shares the same gift of healing as the historical and divinely-blessed Clovis I, the first of the French kings, but he also shares similarities with prophecies of the Great Monarch who will become a great defender of the Faith similar to his ancestor.
In fact, Aragorn is ignorant of his own bloodline during his childhood. See We Are Warned, p. The Marquis also assumed Marie-Julie meant there was a hidden bloodline waiting to be discovered, and Tolkien may have been inspired by this theory. However, Marie-Julie never mentioned a hidden bloodline, and in fact, already identified who the king was and would be: Henry V, the Count of Chambord According to her revelations, he is still destined to fulfil future prophecies.
After he learns the truth of his parentage, Elrond reminds Aragorn he must prepare for the test that lies ahead of him before he may worthily wield the royal sceptre. Therefore, Aragorn leaves the house of Elrond and for thirty years he enters the wild as a Ranger and leader of the northern chieftains, learning sword-craft and the arts of war in preparation for the destiny that awaits him, fighting valiantly against the evil plots of Lord Sauron in secret, joining the armies of other kings under various names.
This hard life takes its toll on his appearance, causing him to be severely misjudged. His legs were stretched out before him, showing high boots of supple leather that fitted him well, but had seen much wear and were now caked with mud. A travel- stained cloak of heavy dark-green cloth was drawn close about him, and in spite of the heat of the room, he wore a hood that overshadowed his face, but the gleam of his eyes could be seen as he watched the hobbits.
As Frodo drew near he threw back his hood, showing a shaggy head of dark hair flecked with grey, and in a pale stern face a pair of keen grey eyes. Only he does not altogether like mysterious vagabonds of my sort. Sam remarks: He had heavy black brows, and scornful dark eyes, his large mouth curled in a sneer. He was smoking a short black pipe. As they approached he took it out of his mouth and spat.
Found some friends at last? Watch out tonight! From the ashes a fire shall be woken, A light from the shadows shall spring; Renewed shall be blade that was broken, The crownless again shall be king.
Now you have seen the sword that you have sought, what would you ask? Do you wish for the House of Elendil to return to the Land of Gondor? I am but the heir of Isildur, not Isildur himself.
I have had a hard life and a long; and the leagues that lie between here and Gondor are a small part of in the count of my journeys. Lonely men are we, Rangers of the wild, hunters—but ever of the servants of the Enemy; for they are found in many places, not in Mordor only. Yet Aragorn and the last of his people in the Northern Kingdom do not regret their noble and chivalric mission to protect the weak: That has been the task of my kindred, while the years have lengthened and the grass has grown.
In all, Aragorn for a time was hidden, mocked and deemed the most despicable of men similar to the how the Great Monarch will first be received. Some say he will come from the east and work southward, but one revelation in particular mentions he will actually enter from the north of France and drive his enemies south, eventually coming to the aid of the Pope: I will return to your subjects and your people he who bears on his head the same flower that you love.
This flower is the lily fleur-de-lys , O King, miracle child, do not prepare to come from exile under a thick dust stirred up by the fury of the murderers of your country. From the north of the borders your noble person will pass through the legions who only wait to rise up in vengeance.
But, as in the days of darkness, their eyes will be veiled, the exile will be returned and My Justice will be accomplished. You will pass to reclaim the sceptre 27 Ibid. The Return of the King, p. You will temper the tip in the blood of Romans, in the defence of the Sovereign Pontiff, the bond of all the faithful. In the numerous prophecies of Marie- Julie the lily or fleur-de-ly is often described as white, and represents his purity and his justice.
But in the days of Atanatar Alcarin this was replaced by the jewelled helm that was used in the crowning of Aragorn.
This sign will arise and appear from the West: A white sign to the west of France, surrounded by a curtain of diamond fringes, enormous, the space of three quarters of an hour.
Your homes will be lit up as if by the sun. It will be as an ornament in the sky, in the form of a square star, bearing in its middle a sceptre and a crown, that will be well distinguished by the people of the earth.
For a moment it seemed to the eyes of Legolas that a white flame flickered on the brows of Aragorn like a shining crown.
His Royal Standard is now unfurled to the bewilderment of his enemies, and he is followed by a terrifying phantom host mustered from the Paths of the Dead as foretold in prophesy, a great and unconquerable army of dead warriors, former allies who had broken their oath to aid Gondor and were punished for their treachery.
For centuries they were doomed to haunt the Paths of the Dead until an heir to the Kingdom came forth and demanded they fulfil their oath, after which they would finally be granted eternal rest: Upon the foremost ship a great standard broke, and the wind displayed it as she turned towards the Harlond.
There flowered a White Tree, and that was for Gondor; but Seven Stars were about it, and a high crown above it, the signs of Elendil that no lord had borne for years beyond count.
And the stars flamed in the sunlight, The Two Towers, p. The White Tree stands for Gondor and also the royal house, for Elendil brought with them a blessed seedling: Although the evil entity Morgoth had poisoned the two trees, Telperion bore fruit from which its likeness was preserved in the circles of the world for age upon age.
Henceforth, a descendent from the royal lineage of this tree was also planted in the royal courtyard of Gondor. First, we must examine the legends of the tree. Knowledge and Life. This appears remarkably close to the fate of the Biblical trees: In the midst 36 Ibid. Christ is allegorically depicted as the Tree of Life opening heaven to mankind, the events of His life and the foundation of the Church are depicted as fruits.
And there shall be no curse anymore, but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it, and his servants shall serve him. And they shall see his face; and his name shall be on their foreheads. John Bosco is also symbolically represented by the White Tree of Gondor set upon a black background, a figurative representative of the Tree of Life.
Yet, what about the seven stars? Peter 2: Date between and A. Jerusalem is in the centre, with the 'monstrous races of men' are depicted in Africa to the south on the far right. Notice the green-hued T- shape of the Mediterranean ocean resembles a tree. Above A mystical representation of the world in a T- O diagram dating from the 12th century based on St.
Isidore's map. Asia is on the top, Europe to the left, Africa to the right. The principal oceans and bodies of water in the Mediterranean and surrounding areas is represented by the red T, or tau cross. Valenciennes, Notice the T- shape of the Mediterranean Ocean also resembles a tree in this map.
The Seven Churches, Seven Candlesticks, Seven Stars of the Apocalypse not shown are located on the west coast of present day Turkey, which is roughly situated in the left 'branch' of the tree. Let us recall a sentence from a prophecy quoted earlier: No doubt the form of the sceptre represents the Divine Right of Kings miraculously revealed through Clovis I. According to tradition and legends of old, the Coronation Sword of Charlemagne called Joyeuse contained a fragment from the Spear of Longinus, the spear that pierced the side of Christ at the crucifixion.
We note Bl. Anne Catherine Emmerich explained the mystic significance of the spear-thrust through the side of Christ: In this place will I abide, and my heirs, unto the ending of the world.
November 13, We may observe an important link with a second sword: The Imperial Sword was decorated and embellished over the years, but it bears several interesting inscriptions in Latin: There is another inscription on the pommel: According to tradition, history and the prophecies, the French Kings and the Holy Emperors were duty-bound to protect the Church and defend the Faith and the Papacy.
As the Great Monarch will be King of France and Emperor from the West, both swords will symbolise his reign and the great mission he will accomplish: Yet, where is this mystic symbolism in Lord of the Rings? The shards are kept by his heirs and eventually reside in the house of Lord Elrond until the time comes for the sword to be remade. The appointed time arrives when the Fellowship of the Ring is formed and Aragorn prepares to emerge from exile and fight his foes.
Narsil is re-forged by Elvish smiths and they infuse new power into the blade. Catholic Douay-Rheims edition.
At one time the treasury had three: Louis sceptre, or another main de justice that was allegedly made from 'unicorn's horn'. Charlemagne's Joyeuse, sword of the French Kings.
According to tradition, a piece of Longinus' spear is concealed in the pommel. Renewer of the Holy Roman Empire and the Church.
It is promised that the blade drawn from that sheath would never be stained or broken in defeat. It is predicted when his kingdom is established France will never lose the Faith and its royal rule would last until the end of time.
In the end of Lord of the Rings, Aragorn unites both the North and South Kingdoms which had been divided for centuries, in addition to all the smaller kingdoms of Middle Earth that are permitted the royal boon to govern themselves yet under his rule as High King: If so, who could it possibly be? In fact, a piece of metal consistent with the shape and size of a first-century Roman nail has been found incorporated into the spearhead. Recent metallurgy tests show the Holy Spearhead was recast circa the seventh century, making it the oldest piece in the Imperial Regalia.
The Lombard kings had a tradition of using an ancient spear in their coronation ceremony, and Charlemagne may have been crowned King of Italy in the same manner as the Lombards, i. Considering that Milan was their capital as in the times of Emperor Constantine, it is believed that this spear does indeed contain the Nail of the Crucifixion. Of interest, historians have observed that in AD the Merovingian Frankish king Guntram officially designated his nephew Childebert II his heir by handing him his lance; it is possible that a royal lance was a symbol of kingship among the Merovingian kings in addition to the sceptre.
To answer this, we would first have to determine if Tolkien found some way to represent the Catholic priesthood and its hierarchy in his mythical world of elves, dragons, hobbits and semi-mortals without blatantly crossing the line into heresy, or stray too far into fantasy for that matter to where the links between fact and fiction are blurred beyond recognition.
No doubt the reader may already be asking; surely, you are not suggesting Gandalf? A wizard? How can a wizard represent a Catholic priest let alone a pope? Is not magic condemned by the Church? The second context is discerned when Gandalf is properly referred to as a high-ranking member of the Istari, and consequently, as a member of the White Council.
Yet, what are the Istari? Tolkien weaves great mystery around them. Frodo describes them as: In fact, they have been granted powers and wisdom that seem even greater than that granted to the Elves.
It is afterwards said that they came out of the Far West and were messengers sent to contest the power of Sauron, and to unite all those who had the will to resist him; but they were forbidden to match his power with power, or to seek to dominate Elves or Men by force and fear.
They came therefore in the shape of Men, though they were never young and aged only slowly, and they had many powers of mind and hand. They revealed their true names to few, but used such names as were given to them. In the beginning of Lord of the Rings, Gandalf appears to be second in command of the five highest ranking members of their order, his position marked by the colour grey. Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, pp. Appendix B, p. Yet, we may ask, where are the references to a priesthood?
The main role of a priest is to offer sacrifice and perform rites in an established church, and if Tolkien was wary of introducing ceremonies into a fantasy novel that could be misconstrued by readers to be something resembling a pagan or an occult rite, how could the priesthood of the Catholic Church possibly be represented?
Blessed be Abram by the most high God, who created heaven and earth. And blessed be the most high God, by whose protection the enemies are in thy hands.
Sit thou at my right hand: Until I make thy enemies thy footstool. The Lord will send forth the sceptre of thy power out of Sion: With thee is the principality in the day of thy strength: The Lord hath sworn: Thou art a priest forever according to the order of Melchisedech.
The Lord at thy right hand hath broken kings in the day of his wrath. He shall judge among nations, he shall fills ruins: He shall drink of the torrent in the way: Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but likened unto the Son of God, continueth a priest forever.
Of interest, Bl. I have always seen him as a being of another nature, as an angel, as one sent by God. We must examine the offerings of Melchisedech to find the answer: These early offerings were prophetic symbols of the bread and wine that would later be offered by Christ at the Last Supper and transubstantiated by His Divine Power into His Body and Blood that would be given up the next day, the perfect and spotless Eternal Sacrifice to the Father for the sins of mankind.
During their journey in their quest to destroy the Ring, the members of the Fellowship are compelled to take a perilous route through the underground Dwarf kingdom of Moria that in years past had been laid waste by goblins, orcs and other fell beings. However, the mine-kingdom is still inhabited by evil creatures. In addition to hoards of goblins, trolls and orcs, the small band of travellers are suddenly perused by a colossal Balrog, a terrifying fire-demon reawakened from the deepest recesses of the mountains.
The ferocious power of the Balrog is so mighty that even the other dark creatures of Moria fear it, and Gandalf is the only one of the Fellowship who has the skill and wisdom to battle with the foe.
As the travellers escape, Gandalf stays behind and bars the way, preventing the Balrog from pursuing them over a black abyss.
Shattering his staff against the land-bridge and raising up a blaze of light, he sends himself and his foe into the chasm, imploring the Fellowship to save itself. The travellers flee as he bids, thinking Gandalf is lost forever, having fallen to his death in a bottomless abyss with the evil Balrog.
Gandalf eventually reunites with Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli in Fangorn forest, and they are astounded at his reappearance, thinking he was dead. Now, he is dressed in a brilliant white and he explains his transformation from the Grey Pilgrim to the bright figure they see before them, destined to become the new leader of the White Council.
The water doused the evil flames of the Balrog, turning it into a hideous slimly creature, but Gandalf continued to fight his enemy, hewing it with his Elven sword as they struggled in the water. Ice fell like rain. I threw down my enemy, and he fell from the high place and broke the mountain-side where he smote it in his ruin. Then darkness took me, and I strayed out of thought and time, and I wandered far on roads that I will not tell.
Hence, Similar to Christ who gave the ultimate sacrifice of His life to defeat Eternal Death brought into the world by Satan, Gandalf risks his life to save his friends, knowing he may be defeated in the struggle, and eventually does give up his life to destroy a Demon of Death that had been the cause of the decimation of the Dwarf Kingdom in Moria.
The good shepherd giveth his life for his sheep. He was very tall and slight, remarkably mild and earnest. He wore a long garment so white and shining that it reminded me of the white raiment that surrounded the Lord at His Transfiguration. He coveted the black magic of the One Ring and in fact, lusts after power, rebelliously flouting the order laid on the Istari that they may not rule over Elves or Men by fear or force, nor go so far as to challenge the Dark Lord Sauron with the powers granted them.
In one sense, the expulsion of Saruman and the rise of Gandalf represents the end of the Old Testament Levitical priesthood and the establishment of the new Eternal Priesthood of Christ via his Church in the New Testament for Gandalf remarks: Indeed I am Saruman, one might almost say, Saruman as he should have been.
A priest is only the means and simply represents God. Gandalf protects others from the powers of dark creatures, and in one instance, drives out the black clouds of oppression possessing the King of Rohan, encouraging him to turn from the evil councils of the traitor Saruman and embrace the light once more.
During his travels Gandalf tames the famed white horse belonging to the King of Rohan, Shadowfax, a distant descendent of the speaking horses that no doubt were brought over from the Undying Lands of the Valar. Only the kings of Rohan are permitted to ride rare horses such as Shadowfax, yet once he is tamed by Gandalf, he will bear no other rider. Gandalf continually rides like the wind to the aid of those who need his help and powerful assistance.
Go back! Fall into the nothingness that awaits you and your master! The Fellowship of the Ring, p. And his eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many diadems, and he had a name written, which no man knoweth but himself. And the armies that are in heaven followed him on white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. John, author of the Apocalypse, also commenced his Gospel with this description of Christ: The Gospel should read: It was used by ancient Greek philosophers to describe the Divine Reason that permeates and orders the whole universe.
At first, it was thought that this Logos was a fire-like being or essence, and that the actions of this being were mirrored in human reason. The Stoic philosophers associated this power with God and His actions through the Universe, or the active power of 56 Ibid. Divine Reason. Apparently, Heaven itself confirmed this explanation of the Logos, for in St.
This inferred that if matter was corrupt, Christ was God or of God, but could not become human and did not assume a human form, an Antichrist belief according to St. John combated Docetism and similar heresies by proclaiming in his Gospel: The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by Him: In him was life, and the life was the light of men.
And the light shineth in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt amongst us, and we saw his glory, the glory as it were of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. Christ also declared: Without the Holy Spirit, mankind cannot do the least work deserving of salvation, even the apostles were frightened until the Flames of the Holy Spirit enlightened them and filled them with undaunted courage at Pentecost.
We recall he drives away darkness and despair with light, and courageously fights the evil Balrog with a powerful white flame that emits from his staff when it shatters in the conflict. Furthermore, we cannot help but notice that if Gandalf is indeed a symbolic servant of the Logos and the Holy Spirit, Tolkien obviously made rare allusions to Catholic doctrine in Lord of the Rings, in particular, the doctrine of the Trinity, that the Son was indeed both human and divine and guided His Church through the Holy Spirit also represented as fire.
The Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son therefore the entire Trinity is represented. Like Christ, he was a shepherd who protected his flock with his very life, his first staff as Gandalf the Grey shattering in the process.
For it is written: I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be dispersed. Of interest we find that Bl. Anne Catherine Emmerich was shown the significance of the pastoral staff from the time of the ancient prophets to the crosiers used by the bishops, and the Pope as Bishop of Rome also carries a distinctive crosier: I saw, for example, the history of Eliseus giving his staff to Giezi to lay upon the dead child of the Sunamitess.
It was, as it were, his arm, the prolongation of his arm. If used with faith, they unite both Bishop and monarch in a certain way with Him from whom they hold their dignity, with God, marking them out at the same time as distinct from all others. For this is the Ring of Fire, and with it you may rekindle hearts in a world that grows chill. The Pope of the Catholic Church as the Vicar of Christ is quite independent of every temporal sovereignty and of every spiritual power, i.
Upon the death of a pope, the papal ring was effaced to ensure that no other may usurp his authority or forge documents after his death with the seal. The ritual of effacing the ring is still continued to this day. Those who made them did not desire strength or domination or hoarded wealth, but understanding, making, and healing, to preserve all things unstained. Regarding the Catholic pontificate itself, Christ had declared that Peter was the Rock on which he would build His Church and the gates of Hell would not prevail against it.
The sun rises and the faithful armies of Rohan ride to the rescue. The Return of the King, pp. The most important mission of the Church is teaching the forgiveness of sins no matter how great, and to encourage souls to follow He who is the Way, the Truth, and the Life: Gandalf fulfils this mission as well.
Saruman and his army are defeated and the traitor is imprisoned in the tower of Orthanc. However, Gandalf gives Saruman the choice to go where he wishes, even to the Enemy if that be his desire, or, to redeem himself by helping them in their cause to defend Gondor against Lord Sauron. Everyone is amazed at this generous offer and cannot comprehend it.
Unfortunately, Saruman craves supremacy in Middle Earth and refuses to leave the tower of Orthanc willingly, nor will he help Gondor and its allies, accusing Gandalf of the lust for power that he himself is consumed by. Gandalf is left with no choice but to forcibly divest Saruman of his office not only as Leader but also as a member of the Istari as he has proved unworthy to be numbered among them. Gandalf leaves him confined within the tower to await the dreadful wrath of Lord Sauron, whom he had also betrayed.
What will become of him? I cannot say. I grieve that so much good now festers in the tower. According to prophecy, both the Great Monarch and the Angelic Pontiff will work together in their respective spheres to restore all that was destroyed by evil and usher in an age of peace before the final temptation of mankind near the end of time.
There are a few other similarities with Gandalf and prophecies concerning the Angelic Pontiff: As we have seen earlier, Catholic mystics such as Marie-Julie Jahenny foretold that the Angelic Pontiff would be held captive within Rome itself, and would be freed by the Great King.
The King of Rohan and Aragorn arrives with his phantom army and saves Gondor, much like the Great Monarch who will come to Italy with his armies and liberate the Eternal 65 Ibid. Ignatius of Santhia declared Gandalf takes Aragorn up a steep forgotten path that only kings have tread leading to a high precipice in the mountains overlooking the kingdom. First, he reminds Aragorn of his secular and sacred duties, to rule wisely, and to preserve and defend the true faith: The Third Age of the world is ended, and the new age is begun; and it is your task to order its beginning and to preserve what may be preserved.
To his surprise, Aragorn discovers a young white sapling: Now that a White Tree has been found, Aragorn set guards upon the walls of the city and awaits her arrival. Elrond and his retinue enters the city and at last surrenders to Aragorn the sceptre of his ancestors that he may rule as king, and their joy is finally complete as he gives him Arwen to be his bride, a scene reminiscent of the Lamb and Eternal King receiving His bride in the Heavenly court with the Tree of Life planted at the foot of His Eternal Throne as seen in the Apocalypse: In the midst of the street thereof, and on both sides of the river, was the tree of life By now, the reader is probably wondering that if Tolkien did indeed fashion two of his heroic characters from Catholic prophecies, what about the evil protagonists?
Were any of them inspired by these little-known revelations concerning future times? He is not Evil itself embodied in the Satanic Lord Morgoth who poisoned the two Trees of the Undying Lands, but he is its servant, and as a loyal servant he has learned all the diabolical ways of his Master.
Even Sauron was not so. Strangely, in spite of the terror he spreads and the vast armies under his command, we do not see Lord Sauron throughout the entire epic of Lord of the Rings.
He did at least have a hand on which he bore the One Ring before Isildur hacked it off, but whether he assumed a man-like shape or a beast with a hand-like appendage is left to the imagination. In the black abyss there appeared a single Eye that slowly grew, until it filled nearly all the Mirror. So terrible was it that Frodo stood rooted, unable to cry out or to withdraw his gaze. In some instances, he attempts to read the thoughts of the Wise, even the Elven Lady Galadriel.
At other times he endeavours to win allies such as Saruman and corrupts the White Council, not to mention he destroys the unity of Gondor by instilling despair in the ruling Steward using the master Seeing Stone he captured, fooling or twisting the minds of those who dare to look into the other Stones that still exist.
When Sauron does not attempt to influence anyone directly, his power is exerted through his minions who carry out his wicked designs. It is his chosen Sign and his minions bear a Red Eye on their shields and helmets. The Dark Lord remains a hidden entity of maliciousness lusting after power and the ultimate control of Middle Earth.
Who or what could have inspired this new and dreadful revelation of Lord Sauron as the All-Seeing Eye? If Tolkien also based his characters on Catholic prophecies concerning the appearance of the Great Monarch and the Angelic Pontiff, it stands to reason he would also fashion the Dark Lord on the enemies of both Kingdom and Church denounced in these revelations.
Hence, we need look no further than the Eye of Providence appropriated by Freemasonry and similar secret sects. All of the prophecies tells of great heresies and the global relaxation of morals spread by the enemies of God before the coming of the Great Monarch and Angelic Pontiff: The mystic Bl.
Anne Catherine Emmerich revealed that the secret societies were the principle enemies 70 Ibid. I will exterminate them and the Justice of God will complete it and will crush them under the weight of His anger. Meanwhile, marching to France and on the borders of France, we will accomplish our duty.
Pope Leo XIII, who saw Satan challenge Heaven and demanded a period of time to bring havoc on earth as mentioned earlier, also warned the faithful about the dangers of Freemasonry. No doubt Pope Leo recognised the esoteric guild as one of the tools that would be used during that predicted time. Why has Heaven and the Church condemned Freemasonry? The answer is complex: In those times, the sum total of scholastic education and higher learning consisted of seven arts: These academic branches of learning were held in the greatest esteem as they were sublime evidence mankind was more than an animal: An important scholar and philosopher named Boethius c.
AD categorised the last four mathematical branches into what he called the quadrivium, setting them apart from the first three arts, which were later called the trivium. For Boethius, number was the ultimate means to understand and attain heavenly wisdom as numbers with their mathematical laws were steadfast and never changing just like the Creator, hence his focus on the quadrivium.
Every art was bound by the use of reason, hence the importance of understanding the laws that governed numbers and ratio, even music was studied as a mathematical discipline governing sound. The corporal heavens were the last boundary between Creation and the Spiritual Heaven, and hence to understand this hidden wisdom of the cosmos would enable man to come closer to the Wisdom of his Heavenly Creator.
Michael to Marie-Julie, September 29, , p. The third and least important! Instrumental music had its place, it was the first step to hear and understand that sounds could be structured with proportion, balance and unified in a beautiful harmony, but it was not the highest form of music, which was always mystical and philosophical.
Boethius declared: It is as much nobler as the mind is superior to the body; for devoid of reason, one remains in servitude. By studying rational numbers through music and the other mathematical arts, the mind could grasp the concept of unseen yet perceptible wisdom of philosophy and theology. As a result, theology and philosophy were also bound together with the liberal arts in an interdisciplinary fashion.
The sciences were not primarily studied for the purpose of learning a technical or practical trade, but to expand the mind and reach the heights of wisdom, and by learning wisdom, one could discern how to attain spiritual perfection.
The liberal arts were an ennobling means to teach mankind how to rise from its fallen, base nature and connect once more with the divine. For instance, another example of science mixed with allegorical philosophy is alchemy, the pseudo-science of turning base or worthless materials into more precious substances, the ancestor to modern chemistry.
In all, Christianised alchemy of the medieval period was intended to be a visual allegory, much like the nature-parables Christ used to teach the people about the Kingdom of Heaven. Oxford University Press, , p. While Boethius championed music as the ultimate philosophy, geometry was viewed by others as the ultimate branch of numerical knowledge in understanding the Creator and His creation, for geometry, the unique three-dimensional application of number, was the highest form of arithmetic.
It was thought that since God could not have created the structure of the universe without creating the laws of geometry, it had to be the most important. The heavens and the earth could not be ordered without three- dimensional measurements, alchemy was closely bound with the study of astronomy and the materials of the earth, and therefore also tied to geometry. Music and words were bound by rhythm, and since that too was bound by logic and proportion, which required the use of reason symbolised in rational and unchanging numbers in addition to measurement, it followed that geometry, the art of the Freemasons, had to be master of all the liberal arts.
In most cases, medieval masons worked in lodges where much of the preliminary labour of drawing plans and hewing rough stones was carried out. The tools of their trade also held an allegorical significance concerning the path to Christian perfection. A ladder represented the spiritual steps leading up to heaven, while the plumb-line, geometrical compass and rule were symbolic reminders of how a man should live his life with moderation and moral balance.
Indeed, the freemasons adopted many Christian symbols, including the Eye of Divine Providence set within the triangle of the Trinity as the number three was considered a mystically important number in geometry. However, several factors began to contribute to the growing division between Church and the Mystic Lodge.
Many guild charters listed the ill-omened Tower of Babel as the first Biblical mention of organized stone masonry. Masonic legends grew from this supposed beginning, in particular, a strange account that a prophecy had already existed before the deluge warning mankind it would be destroyed by fire or water. Not knowing which would strike first, humanity had preserved knowledge of the seven sciences in two pillars, one that could withstand fire, the other water, hence the sciences were saved for posterity and allowed proud King Nimrod to build his mighty edifice.
How they arrived at this legend is a mystery, some Masonic researchers note the ancient historian Josephus first mentioned this legend and wrote that it was Adam who had warned his son Seth what would happen, accrediting Seth with the construction of the two pillars. However, Josephus could have confused this story with the Egyptian pharaoh Sethos, or Seth, who raised memorial columns in the countries he conquered.
After ancient Israel, masonry was then introduced into Europe, France receives particular attention in several guild charters. The temple of Solomon also features in Masonic pseudo-history and has its own curious collection of legends connected with it.
However, the freemasons concocted a strange tale that non-masons tried to enter the lodge to learn the secrets of the masons and discover the hidden plans for the temple: We may ask why was secrecy so important? First, there was a practical reason as only those skilled and learned in the craft where allowed to progress through the various stages of initiation from apprentice to master mason and learn their trade secrets.
If the ignorant could learn how to carve or draw architectural plans, the stonemasons and architects would be out of work! Even today, revealing patented trade secrets of a company is a serious crime.
However, secrecy was important for other reasons. Alchemy could be misconstrued as brewing witch potions, astronomy closely bordered on astrology in those days, and the study of mysticism in numbers, especially the strange geometrical figures associated with architecture, could be misjudged to be pagan witch-circles and diagrams.
As a result, masons developed codes to recognise each other, the infamous development of secret fraternal handshakes among lodge members comes from this practise.
However, the protective shroud of secrecy was often taken to extremes. We recall the confidentiality surrounding the Venetian glass blowers guild of the medieval days was infamous, their glass was so prized throughout Europe that it would be detrimental if their trade secrets should be made common knowledge, their source of income would come to an end.
Of interest, glass-blowing was also a unique form of alchemy, the base material of sand turned into something pure, clear, hard and brilliant through the cleansing process of fire was a prime example of the quintessence at work in Nature and displayed how the world in the end times would eventually be purified by fire. The fortunes and mysticism of the glass-guild also had to be kept from the prying eyes of the vulgar and ignorant. Those who attempted to leave were hunted down by an assassin and killed with a sword or dagger made of glass.
As time progressed, the requisite of secrecy in the lodges helped to contribute towards the friction between the Church and Freemasons. Hence, not only were hermetic scholars concealing their studies, they began to separate themselves from the theology of the Church as well.
Stone masonry was also gradually stripped of its mysticism, yet the speculative branch survives in Freemasonry. When this separation took place, it is difficult to discern considering the secrecy surrounding the lodges, although we may safely say the speculative Freemasons still operated according to the charges of their stonemason lodges for a considerable amount of time, albeit independently from the carvers that is until June 24, when a small group of four lodges in London formally united to created the first fraternal organisation with a common set of Charges.
Six years later in the Grand Lodge of England was established from which all other recognised Masonic grand lodges throughout the world claim their origin. This period is generally considered the first official historical division of the operative or practical practise of stone masonry from speculative Freemasonry.
From this time onward, Freemasonry as a fraternal society quickly spread throughout Europe. In addition to the hunt for the oldest charters, many attracted to speculative Freemasonry attempted to form their own rival esoteric Masonic orders, attracting adherents by claiming they had discovered the true origins of the hermetic craft.
At this point, many other forms of mystic philosophy such as Jewish cabala, Gnosticism, Egyptian lore, Persian wisdom myths, in addition to Christian doctrine, were all considered valid modes of attaining wisdom for a Masonic philosopher, the various Christian symbols of the stonemasons trade, including the All-Seeing Eye of the Trinity, was often placed side by side with other pagan images of ancient Babylon, Egypt, Persia, Greece and Rome, not to mention those from other non-Christian belief systems.
Eventually the All-Seeing Eye become recognised as a definitive Masonic symbol circa the s. Hund claimed that hermetic Freemasonry had originated with the medieval crusader Templar Knights who had discovered esoteric secrets of the East during their time guarding the Temple and escaped to England disguised as stonemasons when their chivalric order was disbanded and persecuted. All English lodges were reputedly descendants of the exiled Templars according to Hund, who therefore claimed his order was the legitimate form of Masonry.
Wing Books, , p. However, before it lost its popularity it was a rite to be reckoned with and was influential in establishing Egyptian-oriented rites such as the Rite of Mizraim.
In all, instead of solidifying the various lodges, myriads of new Masonic rites and orders mushroomed, competing against or using each other, their strange theories rising into popularity or falling into obscurity, each founder squabbling over who had discovered the true history of Masonry, or who were the legitimate guardians of esoteric wisdom and could lead mankind to the surest path of perfection.
However, the Dwarves burrowed too far into Moria in their quest for mithril and unleashed the terrifying Balrog of the depths, a demon-servant of the satanic Morgorth as we recall. In the end, evil creatures overtook their beloved kingdom and the Dwarves were forced to abandon their realm.
Only the Angelic Pontiff of the Church would eventually put an end to the Enemy and his useless rites once and for all as symbolised by Gandalf quelling the Balrog of Moria. He declares all other creeds are a lie: Penguin Books, , p. Sauron's army strikes and overwhelms Osgiliath , forcing Faramir and his garrison to retreat to Minas Tirith. Gollum disposes of the Hobbits' food, blaming Sam. Frodo tells Sam to go home, before Frodo and Gollum continue to the tunnel leading to Mordor, where Gollum tricks him into venturing into the lair of the giant spider Shelob.
Frodo narrowly escapes and confronts Gollum, telling him that he must destroy the Ring for both their sakes. Gollum attacks Frodo, but falls down a chasm. Frodo continues on, but Shelob discovers, paralyses and binds him. However, Sam arrives and drives her away.
Sam hides as Orcs appear and take Frodo with them. Sam follows the Orcs into the Tower of Cirith Ungol , and frees Frodo so they can continue their journey.
Aragorn learns from Elrond that Arwen is dying, having refused to leave Middle Earth after seeing a vision of her son with Aragorn. Joined by Legolas and Gimli, Aragorn travels to the Paths of the Dead , recruiting the Army of the Dead by pledging to release them from the curse Isildur put on them.
Faramir is gravely wounded after a futile effort to retake Osgiliath; believing his son to be dead, Denethor falls into madness. Gandalf is left to defend the city against the Orc army, led by Gothmog.
As Gothmog's army forces its way into the city, Denethor attempts to kill himself and Faramir on a pyre. Aragorn arrives with the Army of the Dead, who overcome the Orcs and win the battle; Aragorn then frees them from the curse.
Aragorn's army draw out Sauron's forces and empties Mordor, allowing Frodo and Sam to reach the volcano, but Gollum attacks them just as they reach Mount Doom. Frodo succumbs to the Ring and claims it as his own. Gollum attacks Frodo and bites his finger off to reclaim the Ring. Frodo fights back and knocks Gollum, who is holding the Ring, into the volcano, destroying the Ring and killing Gollum. As Frodo and Sam escape, Sauron is destroyed and Mordor crumbles. Gandalf flies in with eagles to rescue the Hobbits, who awaken later in Minas Tirith and are reunited with the surviving Fellowship members.
Aragorn is crowned King of Gondor and takes Arwen as his queen. He leaves Sam the Red Book of Westmarch , which details their adventures. Sam then returns to the Shire, where he embraces Rosie and their children. Like the preceding films in the trilogy, The Return of the King has an ensemble cast ,  and some of the cast and their respective characters include:. Jackson also has another unofficial cameo, as Sam's hand stepping into view when he confronts Shelob.
Jackson's children also cameo as Gondorian extras, while Christian Rivers played a Gondorian soldier guarding the Beacon Pippin lights, and is later seen wounded.
As with all of Peter Jackson's movie adaptions of The Lord of the Rings , many events, timelines, and geographic distances are compressed or simplified. Most major events from the books are included leaving only a very few events from the novel omitted from the film; there are however some events in the film significantly altered from the novels as there are some events invented only in the film just as there are certain details in the film not present in the books.
In the film, all journeys of the companions from Isengard to Minas Tirith are compressed and simplified, as the entire company travels from Isengard to Edoras and arrives there simultaneously to recuperate after the Battle of Helm's Deep. The sequence of the Paths of the Dead adds a conversation between Aragorn and the King of the Dead in the book the Dead don't speak at all and a scene where the companions must flee an avalanche of skulls, but leaves out the encounter with Baldor's skeleton.
In contrast to the book, the viewer doesn't get told what happened in Lebennin between Aragorn and the Corsairs of Umbar. The film version Extended Edition doesn't correspond with the map of Gondor, as the company sees a near river with Corsair ships immediately after leaving the Haunted Mountain. In the book, the River Anduin lies several hundred miles farther east, requiring a much longer journey with the Army of the Dead following behind, bringing terror to the towns they pass along the way.
The basis of Elrond and Arwen 's subplot arguing about Arwen's fate is derived from the Appendices, but it is largely extended in the film, as is Arwen and Elrond's relevance to the story. Denethor , the Steward of Gondor , was a more tragic character in the book. In the film, overwhelming grief over the death of Boromir has driven him to despair, and he has given up any hope of defeating Sauron before Gandalf arrives in Minas Tirith.
Thus, the muster of Gondor is absent from the film, and major captains and generals including Imrahil of the Tower Guard and the Knights of Dol Amroth are not present. In the book, he has already ordered the lighting of the beacons before Gandalf's arrival, while he refuses to light them in the film, and the sequence where Pippin secretly lights them himself was invented for the movie. The Rammas Echor which encircles the Pelennor Fields isn't shown in the film, and the fields themselves are empty grassland in the films, instead of being rich farmland dotted with small villages in the book.
The Battle of the Pelennor Fields is also altered: With generals such as Forlong and Imrahil absent, Gandalf commands the defence of Minas Tirith owing to Denethor's despair. While Denethor gives command to Gandalf in the book, in this film Gandalf forcibly takes control after Denethor tells his men to flee rather than fight. The Orcs and Trolls also never get into the city in the book.
The Witch-king enters and stands off against Gandalf before the Rohirrim arrive, but in the film Orcs invade the city after Grond breaks the Gate. The confrontation takes place while Gandalf journeys to save Faramir, during which Gandalf has his staff broken in the film but not in the book. The Red Arrow brought by a messenger from Gondor to ask for aid is absent. An unstoppable and invulnerable force, the Dead wipe out Sauron's forces.
The Extended Edition presents shortened scenes from the book's chapters in the Houses of Healing: The Warden, the talk of Athelas , the comical conversation with the herb-master, the woman Ioreth and her saying about a King's healing hands and the subsequent realising of Aragorn's true identity are left out altogether.
In the film, Aragorn leads the entire remaining force of Rohan and Gondor's men to the Black Gate without incident. Frodo enters Shelob's lair alone in the film, whereas in the book he and Sam entered together. This was done to make the scene more horrific with Frodo being alone, and Sam's rescue at the last minute more dramatic.
Frodo's ordeal in the Tower of Cirith Ungol and subsequent rescue by Sam are also changed; in the book , Frodo is stripped, beaten, and cruelly interrogated by the Orcs, while in the film, he is tied up but only briefly threatened by an Orc moments before Sam's arrival.
The reunion of Frodo and Sam in the film is also shorter and less emotional than in the book; rather than comforting the physically injured and severely traumatised Frodo as in the book, Sam, after killing the Orc that was threatening Frodo but had not struck him, briefly accepts his apology for having doubted him and returns the Ring to him before suggesting that they find some Orc clothing for Frodo to wear.
In the film, Sam also does not experience "delusions of grandeur" about what he could do if he took the Ring for himself, like he does in the book. Sam instead overcomes a very brief moment of temptation which, instead of stemming from thoughts of how he could use the Ring for himself, seems to come from his concern for Frodo and wish to reduce the Ring's harm to his friend by sharing the burden.
Also, in the film viewers do not know that Sam has the Ring until he gives it back to Frodo, whereas in the book the reader knows that Sam has the Ring. When Sam and Frodo are diverted into the Orc march in Mordor and are about to collapse, in the film's Extended Edition they start a fake combat between each other and thus provoke some chaos during which they manage to escape, instead of slipping off during a congestion caused by several armies trying to get through the narrow Isenmouthe, as told in the novel.
Gollum's fall into the lava of Mount Doom was also rewritten for the film, as the writers felt Tolkien's original idea Gollum simply slips and falls off was anti-climactic. Originally, an even greater deviation was planned: Frodo would heroically push Gollum over the ledge to destroy him and the Ring, but the production team eventually realised that it looked more like Frodo murdering Gollum.
As a result, they had Frodo and Gollum struggle for possession of the Ring and both slip over the edge by accident. There are several changes in the Battle of the Black Gate: Sauron himself would come out in physical form to battle Aragorn, who would only be saved by the destruction of the Ring.
Jackson eventually realised it ignored the point of Aragorn's true bravery in distracting Sauron's army against overwhelming odds, and a computer generated Troll was placed over footage of Sauron in the finished film. As in all of Jackson's Middle-earth adaptions, the eagles do not speak.
During the Battle for Minas Tirith, the White Tree of Gondor is shown to bear one white blossom, thus blooming by itself at Aragorn's coronation.
Thereby the film ignores the book's story where Gandalf and Aragorn find a seedling of the white tree up in the mountains and plant it in the courtyard in place of the still-dead tree. Aragorn's coronation takes place in form of a great ceremony in the Citadel of Minas Tirith, opposed to the book, where Aragorn is crowned in his tent on the Pelennor Fields before entering the City.
Since Saruman is killed long before, after the battle at Helm's Deep in the film, he is unable to exact revenge on Frodo and the hobbits by ruining the Shire as depicted in the books. In the film, the Shire is virtually unchanged when they return, and their friends and neighbours seem unaware of the climactic events that have taken place outside of their borders.
Thus, the esteem earned by Merry and Pippin at the Battle of Bywater and the work to restore the Shire using Galadriel's gift don't appear in the film. In the film, however, all of the Hobbits travel with Gandalf to the Havens to find the Elves waiting there, including Celeborn, who remains in Middle-Earth in the book.
When Sam returns to the Shire, he isn't shown to live in Bag End where he dwells with Rose in the book , but in a different Hobbit-hole of his own. The Lord of the Rings film trilogy is unusual in that it was, up until the release of Jackson's prequel trilogy The Hobbit , the only series whose separate instalments were written and shot simultaneously excluding pick up shoots. Jackson found The Return of the King the easiest of the films to make, because it contained the climax of the story.
Middle-earth as envisioned by Jackson was primarily designed by Alan Lee and John Howe, former Tolkien illustrators, and created by Weta Workshop , who handled all the trilogy's weapons, armour, miniatures, prosthetics, and creatures, as well as the Art Department which built the sets. The city of Minas Tirith, glimpsed briefly in both the previous two films, is seen fully in this film, and with it the Gondorian civilisation. That set's gate became Minas Tirith's second, while the Hornburg exterior became that of the Extended Edition's scene where Gandalf confronts the Witch-king.
New structures included the 8m tall Gate, with broken and unbroken versions, with a working opening and closing mechanism, with its engravings inspired by the Baptistry of San Giovanni.
There were also four levels of streets with heraldic motifs for every house, as inspired by Siena. There was also the Citadel, the exterior of which was in the Stone Street Studios backlot, using forced perspective. It contains the withered White Tree , built from polystyrene by Brian Massey and the Greens Department with real branches, influenced by ancient and gnarled Lebanese olive trees.
The interior was within a three-story former factory in Wellington, and colourwise is influenced by Charlemagne's Chapel , with a throne for Denethor carved from stone and polystyrene statues of past kings. Minas Morgul, the Staircase and Tower of Cirith Ungol as well as Shelob's Lair were designed by Howe, with the Morgul road using forced perspective into a bluescreened miniature.
Howe's design of Minas Morgul was inspired from the experience of having a wisdom tooth pulled out: The third film introduces the enormous spider Shelob. Shelob was designed in ,  with the body based on a tunnelweb spider and the head with numerous growths selected by Peter Jackson's children from one of many sculpts. Jackson himself took great joy in planning the sequence, being an arachnophobe himself. The Dead Men have a Celtic influence, as well as lines and symmetry to reflect their morbid state,  while their underground city is influenced by Petra.
Turner paintings. The Return of the King was shot during , though Astin's coverage from Gollum's attempt to separate Frodo and Sam was filmed on 24 November , when floods in Queenstown interrupted the focus on The Fellowship of the Ring. Hobbiton , home of the Hobbits, was shot in January with early scenes from The Fellowship of the Ring , with the exterior shot at a Matamata farm, while interior scenes were shot at Stone Street Studios in Wellington ,  shared with the Grey Havens sequence.
Due to the high emotions of filming the scene, the cast were in despair when they were required to shoot it three times, due to a continuity flaw in Sean Astin 's costume, and then negatives producing out-of-focus reels. Also a cause for concern were Monaghan and Boyd's scale doubles during a charge sequence.
In particular, they spent two hours shooting Sam lifting Frodo on to his back with cross- camera coverage. Scenes shot in June were the Paths of the Dead across various locations, including Pinnacles. Monaghan and Boyd tried numerous takes of their entrance, stressing the word "weed" as they smoked pipe-weed. Christopher Lee spent his part of his scene mostly alone, though McKellen and Hill arrived on the first day for a few lines to help.
Edoras exteriors were shot in October. The Battle of the Pelennor Fields has more extensive use of computer-generated imagery , in contrast to the more extensive use of live action in the Battle of Helm's Deep in the second film. Also filmed were the attempts by Faramir to recapture Osgiliath ,  as were scenes in the city itself.
Just as the Hobbit actors' first scene was hiding from a Ringwraith under a tree, their last scene was the bluescreened reaction shot of the inhabitants of Minas Tirith bowing to them. The pick-ups were filmed in the Wellington studio car park, with many parts of sets and blue-screens used to finish off scenes, which the design team had to work 24 hours to get the right sets ready for a particular day. The film has the most extensive list of re-shoots given for the trilogy.
Jackson took his time to re-shoot Aragorn's coronation, rushed into a single day under second unit director Geoff Murphy on 21 December There was also the new character of Gothmog. Christian Rivers also redesigned the Witch-king and all of his scenes were re-shot, because of confusion from non-readers over whether or not Sauron was on the battlefield.
The cast also received various props associated with their characters, although John Rhys-Davies burned his final Gimli prosthetic. Viggo Mortensen headbutted the stunt team goodbye. Scenes shot afterwards included various live-action shots of Riders for the Battle of the Pelennor Fields and a reaction shot of Serkis as Gollum finally realises Frodo intends to destroy the Ring, shot in Jackson's house.
Like The Two Towers , they would have to deal with multiple storylines, and Jackson paid attention to each storyline at a time before deciding where to intercut. But the Saruman scene posed a structural problem: Jackson only had a lock on 5 out of 10 reels, and had to churn out 3 reels in 3 weeks to help finish the film.
It was finally completed on 12 November The Return of the King contains 1, visual effect shots, nearly three times the number from the first film and almost twice that of the second. Visual effects work began with Alan Lee and Mark Lewis compositing various photographs of New Zealand landscape to create the digital arena of the Pelennor Fields in November In the meantime, Jackson and Christian Rivers used computers to plan the enormous battle up until February , when the shots were shown to Weta Digital.
To their astonishment, 60 planned shots had gone up to , and 50, characters were now , On a similar note of digital creatures, Shelob's head sculpture was scanned by a Canadian company for 10 times more detail than Weta had previously been able to capture. Like the previous films, there are also extensive morphs between digital doubles for the actors. This time, there was Sam falling off Shelob, where the morph takes place as Astin hits the ground.
The Return of the King also has practical effects. In the Pyre of Denethor sequence, as the Steward of Gondor throws Pippin out of the Tomb, John Noble threw a size double named Fon onto a prostrate Billy Boyd , who immediately pushed his head into camera to complete the illusion. A few burning torches were also reflected off a plate of glass and into the camera for when Gandalf's horse Shadowfax kicks Denethor onto the pyre. Because of Jackson's requirement for complete representation of his fantasy world, numerous miniatures were built, such as 1: The Sound department spent the early part of the year searching for the right sounds.
Human screams and a donkey screech were mixed into Sauron's fall and broken glass was used for the collapsing sounds. For missile trading during Minas Tirith's siege, construction workers dropped actual 2 ton stone blocks previously lifted by a construction crane. Mixing began at a new studio on 15 August, although unfinished building work caused some annoyances. The music was composed by Howard Shore , who previously composed the first two parts of the trilogy.
Shore watched the assembly cut of the film,  and had to write seven minutes of music per day to keep up with the schedule. Shore also used the Gondor theme with the new ascending coda which is unique to this film in his score for the trailer of the film.
The score is the most expansive of the three: It also uses the biggest forces in the series: Fleming sings as Arwen has a vision of her son and when Gollum recovers the One Ring. Galway plays the flute and whistle as Frodo and Sam climb Mount Doom and as they return to the shire.
Sissel sings "Asea Aranion", which was originally meant the score the Houses of Healing scene. Annie Lennox formerly of Eurythmics performed it and also received songwriting credit. The song was partially inspired by the premature death from cancer of a young New Zealand filmmaker named Cameron Duncan who had befriended Peter Jackson.
After two years of attention and acclaim since the release of The Fellowship of the Ring , audience and critical anticipation for the final instalment was extremely high. The world premiere was held in Wellington 's Embassy Theatre , on 1 December , and was attended by the director and many of the stars.
It was estimated that over , people lined the streets, more than a quarter of the city's population. The DVD was a 2-disc set with extras on the second disc. The theatrical DVD sets for the two previous films were released eight months after the films were released, but Return of the King' s set was completed in five because it did not have to market a sequel the previous films had to wait for footage of their sequels to become available for a ten-minute preview.
However, it contained a seven-minute trailer of the entire trilogy. The Return of the King followed the precedent set by its predecessors by releasing an Extended Edition minutes with new editing and added special effects and music, along with four commentaries and six hours of supplementary material, plus 10 minutes of fan-club credits. However, this set took longer to produce than the others because the cast and crew, no longer based in New Zealand for the trilogy, were spread all over the world working on other projects.
The final ten minutes comprises a listing of the charter members of the official fan club who had paid for three-year charter membership.
Creating The Lord of the Rings Symphony: A Composer's Journey Through Middle-earth. Both can be accessed via a Ring icon on the last page of both Disc 1 and 2's scene indexes. This Limited Edition contains two discs; the first is a two-sided DVD containing both the Theatrical and Extended editions of the film. The second disc is a bonus disc that contains a new behind-the-scenes documentary.
The theatrical Blu-ray release was released in the United States in April Worldwide, it is the 20th highest-grossing film of all time when not adjusted for inflation,  the highest-grossing film of ,  the second highest-grossing film of the s , and the highest-grossing instalment in The Lord of the Rings trilogy. Box Office Mojo estimates that the film had sold over 61 million tickets in the US in its initial theatrical run. In the US and Canada, it is the 27th highest-grossing film,  the highest-grossing film,  and the highest-grossing instalment in The Lord of the Rings trilogy.
Part of the grosses came from the Trilogy Tuesday event, in which the Extended Editions of the two previous films were played on 16 December before the first midnight screening. Outside the US and Canada, it is the 17th highest-grossing film,  the highest-grossing film  and the highest-grossing film of the series. The substantial increase in initial box office totals caused optimistic studio executives to forecast that The Return of the King would surpass The Two Towers in total earnings.
If this proved to be true, then this would be the first blockbuster movie trilogy for each successive film to earn more at the box office than its predecessor, when all three films were blockbuster successes. It has been estimated  that the gross income from non-box office sales and merchandise has been at least equal to the box office for all three films. The site's critical consensus reads, "Visually breathtaking and emotionally powerful, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King is a moving and satisfying conclusion to a great trilogy".
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave three and a half stars out of four saying, ""Return of the King" is such a crowning achievement, such a visionary use of all the tools of special effects, such a pure spectacle, that it can be enjoyed even by those who have not seen the first two films. The Return of the King was its running time, particularly the epilogue; even rave reviews for the film commented on its length.
As it is, it's just one of the great achievements in film history. In February , a few months following release, the film was voted eighth on Empire ' s Greatest Movies of All Time , compiled from readers' top ten lists.
This forced the magazine to abandon its policy of only allowing films being older than a year to be eligible. The film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards: At the 76th Academy Awards in , the film won all the categories for which it was nominated and it holds the record for highest Academy Award totals along with Titanic and Ben-Hur. It also was the last movie for 14 years to win the Academy Award for Best Picture without being chosen as one of the top ten films of the year by the National Board of Review , until the release of The Shape of Water in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the live-action film. For the book from which it was adapted, see The Return of the King. For the film, see The Return of the King film. For other uses, see The Return of the King disambiguation. Theatrical release poster. Barrie M. Osborne Fran Walsh Peter Jackson. New Zealand  United States   . Further information: Cast of The Lord of the Rings film series.
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Main article: Production design of The Lord of the Rings film series. Special effects of The Lord of the Rings film series. The Return of the King soundtrack. See also: Music of The Lord of the Rings film series.