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Community psychology linking individuals and communities pdf

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In essence, the model attempts The efforts include not only the mentally ill, who may or may to locate the seat of pathology at the interface of the interaction not avail themselves for treatment, but also the healthy [19].

It between individuals and their environment. Thus far, it has failed is designed to alleviate harmful environmental conditions, avoid to provide a theoretical base for such a conception of pathol- unnecessary psychic pain and to strengthen the resistance of ogy.

Consequently it has to revert to established explanations of communities to inevitable future stressful experiences. Rather mental illness based on the individual model. Without a theory of than merely redressing deicit and pathology, it focuses on the pathology, it is almost inevitable that its treatment strategies are development of competencies and coping skills.

Prevention may conventional crisis intervention and consultation. It seeks to create some reme- According to Bloom [24] primary intervention efforts may take diation and basis for change in the environments represented by on three different forms; the population wide approach; the mile- consultees, in a manner that fosters the positive mental health of stones model; and the high risk group approach [8,13].

Secondary clients. This approach, according to [18] contains the potential of maxi- By way of early detection, it promotes growth-enhancing pro- mizing the limited amount of person-power available.

This can grammes that are geared to reduce problems before they become be achieved by fully exploiting the roles of the natural care-givers severe. It is really a treatment based strategy that strives to make in the community. Natural care-givers include people like health available more services to the community. For this process to gain nurses, teachers, parents and ministers who are physically and Ganaie,S.

Based on a geographical conception of perience themselves as being able to determine what happens to community, this model is committed to rendering mental health them, both as individuals and as a group [26]. Some theorists have services to an entire community through a community mental pointed out that in order to advance and maintain this process health centre [31]. The role of the psychologist in this setting is of self-determination, community psychology should be a so- that of a professional, rendering expert services to a client popu- cial movement rather than a professional enterprise Rappaport, lation.

Conirmation for this position is provided in the added thrust that community psychology gained from being juxtaposed Social Action Model: Like the mental In accordance with its view on the acquisition of power, this health approach it is initially aimed at prevention, but from a radi- model stresses and encourages community participation and cally different perspective.

Establishing a power base and commanding Located within the Community Action Programme, the pover- grass-roots support are vital, for as [6,24] implicitly points out the ty-programme addressed itself to the needs of the poor and to dis-empowered cannot achieve their goal without struggle.

This is achieved by characteristics of the poverty-stricken in order to prepare them increasing community morale, tapping community resources, de- for more meaningful participation in society [17]. It asserts that As part of its intervention strategy, the social action approach it is imperative to take cognizance of the structural inequities of capitalizes on natural support systems. The shift is from prevention to gramme [31].

Given the assumption that non-professionals are empowerment.

While prevention is founded on the needs approach, ered to fulill a good liaison function for the professional services. Accordingly, Rappa- They are able to provide valuable input for programmatic plan- port asserts that because many competencies are already present ning and are also in a position to encourage the community to uti- in people, what is required is a release of potential.

It is argued that because they have the same ment implies that what you see as poor functioning is a result of social background as the clients, they are able to interact with a social structure and lack of resources which make it impossible greater degree of therapeutic effectiveness.

Despite these advantages, experience the world over indi- of society. This model conceptualizes com- unidirectional. Non-professionals are not always accorded equal munity process and inter-group relations in terms of conlicting status and are perceived to be in need of training and upgrading. Accordingly it argues that the poor do The emphasis appears to be on incorporating the indigenous into not have any power, inluence or control in the society. Since the a professional framework.

Functioning ruling elite [24], Reiff, , cited in Mann, They essentially provide a permanent ing structural changes [11,32,33]. Reiff [31] asserts that self-determina- tion must be an integral part of any social action programme. The Proposed Community Intervention Model acquisition of power is a pre-requisite for the fulillment of hu- man needs. For him, the powerlessness of the poor renders self- Since there are many models of community intervention, the actualization unrealistic.

It is imperative that the working-class ex- model which will be discussed in this article is a new one and has Ganaie,S. This is a conceptual model and has been developed inally lead to community development. The crisis intervention on the basis of crisis observation during the recent lashloods also includes crisis counseling which will help community mem- in Jammu and Kashmir, India September, The proposed bers how and where to approach to fulill the basic needs.

NGOs Community Crisis Intervention Model CCIM is an integrative and governmental organizations should work hand by hand to model which includes pre-crisis, during crisis and post-crisis inter- rehabilitate community members who have been affected by crisis ventions at community level. The researchers have followed the situation.

Damaged infrastructures have to be re-constructed to principles of Bio-Psycho-Social Model to design a new model es- improve the living standard of community members. The basic pecially for community crisis management. There are three stages needs of the community members should be fulilled with the of proposed CCIM which are as under: These post-crisis management tech- Pre-crisis niques will help community members in social inclusion, social integration and restoration of community life.

Information will be spread through media, self help groups and social net- The proposed community crisis intervention model is an integra- working sites. The self help groups of community members will tive model to rehabilitate communities before, during and post be prepared for voluntary service delivery during crisis situations crisis situations in communities.

Community Psychology Linking Individuals and Communities PDF

The proposed model requires in community. All types of resources and aids will be collected multi-disciplinary rehabilitation team. The team should be pre- and stored for crisis situations in community. When the inter-sectarian collabora- tion will happen to ight against the crisis situations in community In during-crisis stage, all community members will apply skills naturally the impact of crisis will be reduced to a large extent. All community mem- The proposed model can be used in different crisis situations like bers will take care of themselves and their family members.

Self help groups will also take part in rescue operation. Community halls can be used for temporary living. Some govern- Current Trends in Community Psychology ment departments and non-governmental organizations will work continuously during these crisis situations in community.

Govern- The community psychology movement developed in the U. Psychologists and other helping professionals began to take note of the effects of social vari- Post-crisis ables like poverty and alienation on mental health [28].

Modern community psychology is focusing on multiple aspects of indi- In post-crisis management stage, all types of interventions should vidual and community development in general. Community psy- be given to people affected by crisis.

Most professionals should chology is fast developing discipline and concentrated on social focus on medical, psychological and social interventions. Pro- and mental health needs of community members at community fessionals who prescribe Interventions should try to reinforce level. Community psychologists are busy to conduct research on Figure 2.

Barker R. Ecological psychology: Concepts and methods for community. They are a part of policy making and development studying the environment of human behavior. Stanford University Press. They are try- [10]. G, Schoggen P Qualities of community life 1st edtn ,.

Berger S, Lazarus S Psychology in Society 7: Bindman A. J, Spiegel A. D Eds. Perspectives in community men- to community members at community mental health centers.

Bloom B Community mental health: A general introduction. Bel- Conclusion mont, CA: Bower M Price Eds.

Community men- Community psychology draws on interdisciplinary perspectives tal health: Social action and reaction. Holt, N. Brown P Political, economic and professionalistic barriers to com- well-being of people in their communities. While the ield draws munity control of mental health servides: A commentary on Nassi. Journal of Community Psychology 6 4: Caplan G Support systems and community mental health.

Behav- in sociology, community development, ecology, public health, an- ioral Publications. Carr S. C, Sloan T. S Eds. Poverty and psychology: From global work, and social justice movements. Through community research perspective to local practice. New York: Principles of preventive psychiatry. Tavistock, London.

Caplan G, Grunebaum H Perspectives on primary preventions: A inform social policies, social service work, helping practices, and requiem. Cook Ed. Community psychology and community mental community change.

There are few existed models of community health. Holden-Day, California. Connery R. H Organizing community mental health in metropolitan areas. Columbia University Press, N. Dorken H Behind the scenes in community mental health. In AJ. Spiegel, Eds. Perspective in community mental health. Duveen G, Lloyd B British Jour- nal of Social Psychology In present paper, researchers have proposed [23]. Heather N Radical perspectives in psychology.

Methuen, London. Heller K, Monahan J Community psychology and community for crisis management during disasters and crisis situations in change. The proposed model will be effective for community [25]. Hobbs N, Smith M. B Spiegel Eds. Perspectives in com- development because it covers maximum areas related to com- munity mental health.

And linking individuals community communities pdf psychology

Aldine Publishing Company, Chicago. Hofman C Empowerment movements and mental health: Locus of control and commitment to the United Farm Workers. Journal of Com- Acknowledgements munity Psychology 6 3: Hunter A, Riger S Journal of Community Psychology 14 1: We thank to Ms. Iscoe I, Spielberger C. D Community psychology: Iscoe, B. Spielberger Eds.

And community individuals communities linking pdf psychology

Community psychology in transition. Proceedings of the national conference on training Shabir Ahmad from Department of Psychology University of in community psychology. Hemisphere Publishing Company, N. Lachenmeyer J Mental health consultation and programmatic changes.

Community Psychology Linking Individuals and Communities PDF | Earth & Life Sciences | Neuroscience

Gibbs et al. Gardner Press, N. Lafollette J, Pilisuk M Changing models of community mental health services.

Psychology communities and linking pdf individuals community

Journal of Community Psychology 9 3: Aguilera, Donna C Crisis Intervention: Mann P. A Community psychology: Concepts and applications. Free Press, New York. Muller J he end of psychology: Psychology in Society 3: American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. Muller J, Cloete N he white hands: Social Epistemology 1 2: Nassi A. J Community control or control of the community?

Albee G. W A competency model to replace the defect model.

Pdf communities community psychology individuals linking and

Journal of Community Psychology Giliss, G. Segal Eds. Community Psychology; heo- 6 1: Rappaport J In praise of paradox: A social policy of empowerment [5].

W, Jofe J. M, Dusenbury L.

American Journal of Community Psychology 9 1: Readings on social change. Sage Publications. Newbury [36]. Rappaport J Community psychology: Park, Calif.

Holt, Rinehart, Winston. Alinsky S Rules for radicals. Random House. Rappaport J, Seidman E Handbook of community psychology. Ple- [7]. Anderson L. S Community psychology: A report of the Boston Con- num Press. Barker F, Perkins Why not share! An annual anal Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Published in: Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Be the first to like this.

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